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Chapter Eight: Learning

Holly Inglish

Behavioral Psychology and learning vocabulary and important people.

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Across
3.He started behavioral psychology; he believed in observable, measurable behavior.(two words) (2 Words)
5.__________ occurs when you take away reinforcement and the behavior stops.
6.An event that decreases the behavior that it follows.
8.The __________ effect of promising a reward for doing what one already likes to do. Their motivation for doing the behavior would be the reward instead of doing it because they like it.
10.This act operates on the environment to produce consequences: rewards or punishments.(two words) (2 Words)
11._________ is Thorndike's principle that behavior followed by rewards become more likely to occur; punishments, less likely.(three words) (3 Words)
13.An irrational fear.
14._________discovered that children learn through observational learning. stimulus/Anything that causes an organism to react.
15.________reinforcement is when you add to a situation to increase chances of the behavior happening again.
17.An automatic response to some stimulus. This is Skinner's term for behavior learned through Pavlovian Conditioning.(two words) (2 Words)
19.EX: IF students don't know the answer to a question asked by the teacher, the teacher tells them the answer. (2 Words)
25.Frontal lobe neurons that fire when performing certain actions or when observing another doing so.(two words) (2 Words)
26.The process of observing and imitating a specific behavior.
27.This man explored one important form of learning in his classic experiments on conditioning; one of which included conditioning dogs to salivate at the ring of a bell.(two words) (2 Words)
29.A stimulus that naturally and automatically triggers a response.(two words) (2 Words)
31.A stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer. AKA Secondary Reinforcer.(two words) (2 Words)
33.In operant conditioning, ________ is any event that strengthens the behavior it follows.
34.A ______-_______ schedule is a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals. (2 Words)
40.Another name for Skinner's box is _______. It contains a bar or key that, when pressed, an animal gets a reward.(two words) (2 Words)
42.Distinct responses between two separate but similar stimuli.
44.The tendency to respond to stimuli similar to the CS.
45.________ therapy associates pain and discomfort with a behavior to be unlearned. EX: taste aversion
46.In _________ conditioning, an organism comes to associate stimuli. AKA Pavlovian Conditioning.
47._______was a college English major and an inspiring writer who seeks a new direction. He was one of the leaders of behaviorism and his work contributed immensely to experimental psychology: he invented a box to condition animals.
48.________ reinforcement is reinforcing the desired response every time it occurs.
49.A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience.
Down
1.A type of learning in which two events occur together. The events may be two stimuli or a response and its consequences.(two words) (2 Words)
2.When one is exposed to or experiences a lot.
4._________ reinforcement is when you only think that the behavior is being led by reinforcement.
7.In classical conditioning, _________ is the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the UCS.(two words) (2 Words)
9.___________ motivation is a desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment.
12.________ learning is learning by observing others.
15.An unacquired reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need. (2 Words)
16.A ______-______ schedule is a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses.(two words) (2 Words)
18.An originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an UCS, comes to trigger a conditioned response.(two words) (2 Words)
20.Learning that occurs but is not apparent until there is an incentive to demonstrate it is _______ learning.
21.The reappearance of a CR after rest period.(two words) (2 Words)
22._________ behavior is positive constructive, helpful behavior. the opposite of antisocial behavior.
23.________reinforcement is when you remove something from a situation to increase chances of the behavior occurring again.
24.The learned response to a previously neutral CS.(two words) (2 Words)
28.A procedure in which reinforcements gradually guide one's actions towards a desired behavior.
30.The view that psychology 1)should be an objective science that 2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes.
32.A ________-_______ schedule is a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed. (2 Words)
35.Learning and conditioning are parts of this type of psychology.(one word)
36.A ______-______ schedule is a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses. (2 Words)
37.AKA intermittent reinforcement. _________ reinforcement is what you reinforce a response only part of the time. This results in slower acquisition of a response but has a much greater resistance to extinction.
38.___________ motivation is a desire to perform a behavior for its own sake and to be effective.
39.The initial stage in classical conditioning; the phase associating a NS with an UCS, so that the NS comes to evoke a CR.
41.A _________ map is a mental representation of the layout of one's environment.
43.A type of learning, in which behavior that is strengthened by a reinforcement and diminished by a punishment is called ________ conditioning.

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