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ANS 205 7th Quiz material

Kathryn Kania

This puzzle covers the lectures for quiz 7: Respiration and Respiratory physiology

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Across
1.cessation of breathing (if you choke on an apple you will stop breathing)
4.bronchi divides into __ (plural) which have no cartilage
7.caused by regular and alternating activation of the diaphragm and laryngeal muscles, and upon expiration: vibration of vocal cords is caused by recoil of the lungs
8.paired, lobular, left and right, frictionless movement, expand, lined by pleura
10.on average, there is about 11g of this per 100 ml of blood. it has a high affinity for oxygen when oxygen levels are low in the body.
13.aka nostrils, paired external openings to air passages
17.__ __ is the area where there is no gas exchange occuring: the space between the nostrils and the alveoli
18.central chemoreceptors respond to __ __
19.bronchioles dead end into the __, which are lined in a thin layer of fluid
21.moving air into and out of the lungs
22.__ __ is the volume inhaled/exhaled in the deepest breath
27.difficult breathing (too much dyssert makes me so full i can hardly breath)
28.moving air into the lungs
29.normal atmospheric air contains 20% oxygen. The air you expire out of your lungs contains __% less oxygen than that, and __% (same number) Carbon dioxide
32.__ is one of many (including species, age, body size, etc.) factors that affect respiratory frequency
33.a control of ventilation that works to dissipate heat. it involves increased ventilatory breathing rate but decreased tidal volume (amount in each breath)
34.__ __ volume is the amount that can still be inspired after a normal breath
39.the __ __ are one of five structures that have an opening into the pharynx, along with mouth, larynx,esophagus, etc.
40.passage to the lungs
41.alveolar fluid contains pulmonary __: it reduces surface tension, promotes stability, and makes expansion easier
42.peripheral chemoreceptors located in __ and aortic bodies (less important than central chemoreceptors)
43.serous membrane that covers the lungs; single layer of cells fused with surface connective tissue
44.__ __ % of carbon dioxide is bound to hemoglobin: carbaminohemoglobin
47.increased depth or frequency of breathing
49.__ __ __ is all of the air the lungs could hold
52.a function of the pharynx
54.__ volume is the air remaining in the lungs after a forced exhalation
56.__ rhythmicity controls respiration/ventilation; neurons fire with a set rhythm, contracting the diaphragm
57.__ volume in lungs is volume inhaled/exhaled in a normal breath
58.__ cartilage in the larynx gives humans the "adam's apple"
59.trachea divides into __ (except in ruminants and pigs)
60.__ input is one of the three controls of ventilation; it includes central and peripheral chemoreceptors
61.abnormal slowness of breathing (braids in your hair take a lot of time to do right)
Down
2.normal quiet breathing (the prefix to this word means happy/normal. Eugene is a normal dude)
3.__ (abbr): sometimes, during exercise of horses (or greyhounds), pressures generated in pulmonary capillaries are so great that they rupture and blood enters the airways, and causes blood to come out the nose
5.__ __ volume is the amount of air that can be still expired after a normal breath
6.part of the larynx, this cartilage flap that folds during swallowing to protect trachea
7.common passageway for air and food
8.treatment for a horse who has exercised and developed flaccid vocal ligament flutters, is prosthetic __.
9.__ __ can explain why breathing works because it says that as a volume increases the pressure of gasses inside that volume decreases, and since pressure in atmosphere is greater than in lungs, air moves in.
11.__ cartilage attaches to vocal cords
12.central chemoreceptors, peripheral chemoreceptors, and __ receptors are three portions of the neural input that work to control ventilation
14.__ __ is air forced out after a normal exhalation
15.excessively rapid breathing (it's tacky to speed walk in high heels, run instead, if you have to)
16.__ __ is the total functional capacity (max amount of air that can be breathed in after the most forceful expiration
20.what percent of air breathed out of lungs AND normal atmospheric air is Nitrogen? (it is the same number!)
22.__ __ catalyzes the reaction of water and carbon dioxide.
23.left recurrent __ __ is also known as "roaring" in horses.
24.rapid shallow breathing (poly the Pekingese was panting!)
25.the organ of phonation
26.__ bones are aka conchae; they separate nasal cavity into passages
30.horses can't expand their __ during exercise will develop a condition called 'roaring'.
31.alveolar sacs contain alveoli cells and are covered by a network of __
35.this tube is used when breathing must be assisted in surgery. the epiglottis must be lifted out of the way so the tube can pass down into the lungs when inserting
36.__ cartilage is the only structure to form a complete ring around the larynx. interesting fact: When intubating a patient under general anesthesia prior to surgery, the anesthesiologist will press on the __ cartilage to compress the esophagus behind it so as to prevent gastric reflux from occurring: this is known as the Sellick maneuver.
37.water + carbon dioxide yields sodium bicarbonate and __ __
38.inspirations involves the enlargement of the thorax, contraction of the diaphragm and __ muscles.
45.moving air out of the lungs
46.protein similar to Hb, except it doesn't reside in the blood unless there has been an injury to muscle; it resides in muscle tissue, and can bind oxygen and iron from the muscle
48.__ ligaments give side-to-side flexibility to the trachea
50.the utterance of sounds/speech
51.the larynx is the gatekeeper to the __
53.slit between two vocal ligaments
55.the nasal __ separates nasal cavity in to halves, and is made of cartilage and plate bone

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