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GU pt 1

OC BUNYARD

FROM THE STUDY GUIDE Q 1-45

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Across
2.Name the vessel that transports oxygenated blood to the kidney (2 Words)
7.WHAT PROJECT FROM THE APICAL SURFACE OF TUBULAR CELLS THAT HELPS THE PCT PERFORM ITS JOB?
11.Name the cell type that composes the visceral layer of Bowman’s capsule
12.Name the physiologic fluid barrier that separates blood plasma from interstitial fluid (2 Words)
14.SENSE FLOW AND NA+ IN FILTRATE FLOWING THROUGH THE DCT, PARTICIPATE IN (RENAL) AUTOREGULATION OF BLOOD FLOW THROUGH GFR, REGULATE RELEASE OF RENIN, AND RECEIVE INPUT DIRECTLY FROM THE SNS AND SIGNAL JG CELLS TO RELEASE RENIN (3 Words)
15.Renal nerves receive input from which part of the autonomic nervous system?
17.WHICH PRESSURE IN THE BLOOD PROMOTES REABSORPTION?
18.WHICH HORMONE SYNTHESIZED BY THE KIDNEY HELPS INCREASE THE AMOUNT OF BLOOD PRODUCED
20.WHAT IS THE EXTERNAL TISSUE LAYER OF THE KIDNEY THAT PROVIDES SHAPE AND PROTECTION FOR THE KIDNEY? (2 Words)
21.WHICH PRESSURE IN THE INTERSTITIAL FLUID PROMOTES REABSORPTION?
24.COMPOSED OF GLOMERULAR CAPILLARY ENDOTHELIUM, GLOMERULAR CAPILLARY BASEMENT MEMBRANE, SLIT MEMBRANE BETWEEN PEDICELS (2 Words)
25.WHICH PRESSURE IN THE BLOOD PROMOTES FILTRATION?
27.Each human kidney has BETWEEN 2 - 3 _____ ______ (2 Words)
28.The vasa recta are located primarily in which area of the kidney?
31.MOVEMENT OF A SUBSTANCE FROM PLASMA IN A NEARBY CAPILLARY INTO THE FILTRATE (2 Words)
32.Name the physiologic fluid barrier that separates ICF from surrounding ECF (2 Words)
33.Of the 4 Starling forces BOTH BLOOD _____ AND ____ ____ PRESSURES HAVE THE GREATEST EFFECT ON plasma volume (3 Words)
34.THE FRACTION OF BLOOD PLASMA IN KIDNEY AFFERENT ARTERIOLES THAT BECOMES FILTRATE (2 Words)
36.Which section of the loop of Henle (LOH) is impermeable to water and permeable to solutes?
37.Urine that flows through the major calyces drains into which structure? (2 Words)
38.The glomerulus and Bowman’s capsule are components of what structure? Briefly describe the glomerulus: A CAPILLARY NETWORK THAT TRANSPORTS BLOOD FROM THE AFFERENT ARTERIOLE. A PORTION OF THE BLOOD PLASMA IS FILTERED FROM HERE INTO BOWMAN’S CAPSULE (2 Words)
40.The collecting ducts contain _______ WHOSE IS WATER REABSORPTION
41.Extracellular fluid (ECF) is contained in 2 fluid compartments. Name them (2 Words)
42.MOVEMENT OF A SUBSTANCE FROM FILTRATE INTO PLASMA IN A NEARBY PERITUBULAR CAPILLARY (2 Words)
44.CAVITIES OR OPEN SPACES WITHIN THE KIDNEY THAT SOMETIMES CONTAIN ADIPOSE TISSUE (2 Words)
45.Contraction and relaxation of what structure(s) regulates the surface area available for filtration? (2 Words)
46.Name the structure(s) where filtered fluid (filtrate) is transported (2 Words)
Down
1.NET MOVEMENT OF FLUID FROM CAPILLARIES INTO INTERSTITIAL SPACES
3.Name the structure where blood plasma is filtered (2 Words)
4.WHAT normally prevents MOST PLASMA PROTEINS, RBC & WBC,PLATELETS, AND OTHER MACROMOLECULES IN BLOOD from entering the filtrate? (2 Words)
5.In what area of the kidney parenchyma are renal pyramids located?
6.Which section of the LOH is known as the “concentrating segment”?
8.WHICH PRESSURE IN THE INTERSTITIAL FLUID PROMOTES FILTRATION?
9.Capillaries surrounding the MEDULLAR renal tubular system, Receive blood from efferent arterioles, Collect substances reabsorbed from the filtrate and return them to the general blood circulation (2 Words)
10.PLASMA VOLUME THAT IS FILTERED ACROSS ALL FUNCTIONING GLOMERULI IN BOTH KIDNEYS PER MINUTE (IN ML/MIN) (3 Words)
13.NET MOVEMENT OF FLUID FROM INTERSTITIAL SPACES INTO CAPILLARIES
16.CELLS THAT CAN CONTRACT OR RELAX THAT ARE LOCATED IN CLEFTS BETWEEN ADJACENT GLOMERULAR CAPILLARIES. CONTRACTION OR RELAXATION OF THESE CELLS CHANGES THE AREA AVAILABLE FOR GLOMERULAR FILTRATION (2 Words)
19.MACULA DENSA AND JUXTAGLOMERULAR CELLS ARE THE 2 structures that comprise the _____ _______ (2 Words)
22.Name the blood vessel that transports blood into the glomerulus (2 Words)
23.Within which tubule does most solute and water reabsorption occur (3 Words)
26.Name the vertical fissure that is located on the medial border of the kidneyS
29.WHAT IS THE COLLECTIVE TERM FOR BHP, BCOP, IFHP, IFOP? (2 Words)
30.what structure receives filtered fluid from the glomerulus? (2 Words)
35.3 processes involved in ______ _______ ARE GLOMERULAR FILTRATION, TUBULAR REABSORPTION, AND TUBULAR SECRETION (2 Words)
39.Each human kidney has BETWEEN _____ AND EIGHTEEN minor calycES
43.THIS KIDNEY PRODUCED HORMONE IS STIMULATED BY LOW BLOOD VOLUME

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