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Renal CW 2 46-100

OC Bunyard

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Across
7.When uncompensated metabolic acidosis is caused by HCO3- loss, ___ concentration increases.
8.______stimulates release of ALDOSTERONE that acts on the kidney. (2 Words)
10.Ca++ absorption in the DCT occurs primarily via the this route
11.ADH receptors are found in which tubule segment? (2 Words)
12.Name the primary solute transported into the medullary interstitial fluid from the ALOH
13.In order for water to be reabsorbed from the DLOH THE MEDULLARY INTERSTITIAL FLUID MUST BE ______ TO PLASMA?
16.Which reabsorption route does Ca++ take when exiting the tubule?
18.______ ____ is the primary influence for Ca++ reabsorption in the DCT (2 Words)
19.GFR is based on the principle of the _____ ______ of a substance (2 Words)
23.The physiologic mechanism by which the vasa recta contribute to maintenance of the hypertonic medullary interstitial fluid is known as (2 Words)
25.the GFR normally remains constant when ______ is within 80-180 mmHg (4 Words)
26._____ cells secrete H+ in exchange for K+ (2 Words)
28.What happens to the H+ NOT utilized for producing HCO3-? It is ______ by NH3 and/or HPO42- AND EXCRETED
30.How does SNS stimulation of the kidney affect renin secretion?
31.FILTRATION That OCCURS EVEN IN AN INDIVIDUAL WHO IS SEVERELY DEHYDRATED. A MINIMUM OF 400 ML OF URINE IS FORMED IN ORDER TO TRANSPORT METABOLIC WASTES FROM THE BODY is known as? (3 Words)
35.Which tubule segment is responsible for urine dilution (be specific)? (4 Words)
36.Are intrarenal (autoregulatory) mechanisms able to change blood flow through arterioles under the control of the SNS?
38.INCREASED SYSTEMIC BLOOD PRESSURE STRETCHES THE WALLS OF ______ARTERIOLES.
39.The 3 ADH effects on the systemic circulation INCREASES PLASMA _____, DECREASES PLASMA ______, INCREASES ______ ________ (4 Words)
41.What hormone involved in the reabsorption of Ca++ when it exits the tubule? (2 Words)
43.Urine flows from the nephrons to the collecting ducts to the renal papillae thru the minor and major calyces into the ____ ____ then into the ureter (2 Words)
46.During strenuous exercise and hemorrhage, sympathetic nervous system output has what effect on afferent and efferent arterioles?
47.What endogenous substance released WHEN EXCESS BLOOD VOLUME STRETCHES MYOCYTES IN THE RIGHT ATRIUM, helps to Regulate GFR by relaxing renal AFFERENT ARTERIOLES AND PARTIALLY CONSTRICTS EFFERENT ARTERIOLES.
48.What is the stimulus for release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)? (3 Words)
49.the test that most laboratories routinely utilize to measure GFR (2 Words)
50.What percent of filtered glucose is reabsorbed in healthy persons? (3 Words)
51.when the plasma glucose concentration equals or exceeds what value APPROX 250 MG/DL this is deemed?
52.Which tubule segment is responsible for urine concentration (be specific)? (4 Words)
53.Which cell type possesses receptors for aldosterone? (2 Words)
54.Per The myogenic mechanism does an increase in systemic BP result in an increase or decrease in the GFR
Down
1.Name the physiologic mechanism that creates and maintains the required tonicity of the Medullary Interstitial Fluid (4 Words)
2.K+ secretion into the collecting duct occurs through apical K+ channels on _________ ______(specialized epithelial cells) that are sensitive to aldosterone (2 Words)
3.PLASMA PROTEINS IN THE _____ _____ CREATE THE PRESSURE REQUIRED TO RAPIDLY ABSORB WATER THAT LEAVES THE DLOH therefore a higher BCOP is necessary in this area. (2 Words)
4.Approximately 65-70% of water reabsorption from the PCT is directly related to the reabsorption of what substance?
5.H+ secreted into the filtrate can be utilized for reabsorption of what substance?
6.2 stimuli for release of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) are ______ PLASMA OSMOLARITY and ______ PLASMA VOLUME (2 Words)
9.if the GFR is too ____ USEFUL SUBSTANCES ARE EXCRETED IN URINE
14.Na+ reabsorption from the late DCT and collecting duct occurs under the influence of a hormone. Name it
15.What is another name for the capability of Na+/glucose carriers to reabsorb glucose? (2 Words)
17.__ ______ _____(specialized epithelial cells) secrete H+ in exchange for K+ in acidosis (3 Words)
20.Name the 2 tubule segments where ______ receptors are located are the DCT AND COLLECTING DUCT
21.What is the most reliable test of renal function? (3 Words)
22.What is the stimulus for activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS)? (4 Words)
24.When uncompensated metabolic acidosis is caused by acid gain, unmeasured anions _______
27.Which feedback mechanism increases GFR by the following method--low GFR-->MACULA DENSA DETECTS low NA+ CONCENTRATION IN FILTRATE AND SLOWER FILTRATE FLOW-->STIMULATEsJG CELLS-->RELEASE NO, AFFERENT ARTERIOLES DILATE, GFR INCREASES
29._____ ____ is used to differentiate between types of uncompensated metabolic acidosis (2 Words)
32.10-50% of K+ is reabsorbed from the DCT. What hormone is involved in this process?
33.The water reabsorbed from the _____ ______ ____ _____ DIFFUSES INTO NEARBY VASA RECTA (4 Words)
34.How does aldosterone activity affect the plasma K+ concentration?
37.What is the normal renal clearance of glucose?
40.Which cell type possesses ADH receptors? (2 Words)
42.what state is the body in when it retains H+ in the blood while K+ is secreted?
44.if the GFR is too ____ CERTAIN WASTE PRODUCTS MAY NOT BE ADEQUATELY EXCRETED IN URINE.
45.Approximately 90% of the Ca++ that is reabsorbed exits the renal tubules via which reabsorption route?
49.Function of ________ Na+/K+ ATPase pumps is inhibited which decreases _________ uptake of K+ (same word)

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