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Vascular Technology

Shahina Siddiqui

Chapter 33

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4.renal allograft ------ and acute tubular necrosis are associated with Change in renal size, Change in renal echogenicity, increased resistive index of greater than 0.7
5.------of a renal allograft surgery are associated with Hydronephrosis or dilated renal pelvis or collecting system due to obstruction relating to the ureter or bladder, Moderate or severe degree of dilation is not normal, Perigraft fluid collections, such as seroma, hematoma, urinoma, lymphocele, and abscess, Moderate to large amount of perigraft fluid is not normal, requiring aspiration and/or medication , Abscess or infected fluid collection requires aspiration and/or medication
7.With NO aortic stenosis or low cardiac output, following are seen in the intrarenal branches would suggest significant------ ------ -------- are Parvus-tardus flow pattern , Increased rise time exceeding 0.07 second , Absence of the early systolic peak
10.------ complication of renal allograft surgery are associated with Renal artery stenosis, Increased peak systolic velocity and poststenotic turbulence suggests stenosis , Absence of color flow in the renal allograft artery suggests occlusion , Dilated renal allograft vein with no color flow suggests occlusion
11.----- ----- ----Cause the vein to enlarge with internal echoes, If acute, cause the kidney to enlarge and its echogenicity to alter, If chronic, cause the kidney to shrink and its echogenicity to increase d. Cause pain, hematuria, or renal failure
13.shows Absence of a visible main renal artery,small kidney size, Intrarenal branches demonstrate absence of flow or flow with damped or very low amplitude
14.----- ----- of the renal vessels are associated with it provides both anatomic and physiologic information , Fasting and hydration is required , Look for stenosis in the renal arteries, Look for atherosclerosis in the aorta and in the origins of aortic branches ,Obtain peak systolic velocity of the aorta at the renal level
15.Transplant kidney is also called---- -------
16.renal allograft is placed in the right or left iliac fossa of the recipient, The native kidney is not removed and the allograft is placed at iliac fossa, Allograft ureter is attached to the urinary bladder of the recipient, Allograft artery is attached to the external iliac or a branch of the internal iliac artery of the recipient., Allograft vein is attached to the----- ----- -----of the recipient
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1.renal transplant is best visualized using a------ ------ ------- because it is located rather superficial, It normally stays enlarged for several months , It normally has a slightly dilated collecting system
2.-------- --------- of the renal vein or ivc are associated with, Distension of the renal vein or the IVC to abnormal size, Color flow seen in small vessels within the tumor, Usually originates from renal cell carcinoma, renal lymphoma, transitional cell carcinoma, and Wilms’ tumor
3.Flow-reducing stenosis in the renal artery will Demonstrate color aliasing at the stenosis , Demonstrate poststenotic turbulence, color mosaic, and color bruit, Cause renal ischemia, which in turn triggers the ----- ------ mechanism, resulting hypertension
6.With renal allograft vein thrombosis or ------ ------, renal allograft artery demonstrates sustained flow reversal in diastole
8.------ ------ arise from the abdominal aorta just below the origin of the superior mesenteric artery , Right renal artery courses posterior to the IVC ,Left renal vein course between the aorta and the SMA ,Renal vein courses anterior to renal artery
9.renal artery and its branches have---- ----- ----- , Intrarenal branches normally have resistive index lessthan 0.7 ,Peak systolic velocity in the renal artery of 180-200 cm/s or greater and renal-to-aortic ratio of greater than 3.3 suggest 50-60% diameter stenosis
12.------ of renal allograft can cause following complications, Arteriovenous fistula, Pseudoaneurysm, hematoma

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