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World History

Aikens

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Across
1.The invasion of this country sparked World War II.
4.Developed the earliest known written law code so that crimes had established penalties, not penalties determined by the whim of the ruler. His code promoted justice but treated social classes differently.
6."Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" was the revolutionary motto of this country
7.The second and, to date, last city in the world to experience a nuclear attack. After the U.S. dropped its second atomic bomb on this city during WW II, Japan surrendered.
9.Asian nomadic people unified by Genghis Khan into an empire that emerged in world history as a powerful and unified nation. They're the exception!
13.The genocide of Jews and other minorities by the Nazis during World War II.
14.Trade carried across the Sahara Desert by merchant caravans, which brought blocks of _____________ to West Africa in exchange for gold.
16.The spreading of ideas from one culture to another culture. (two words)
20.Form of combat during World War I in which both sides, facing machine-gun fire, dug ditches to create fortified positions. (two words)
23.This treaty between Allied Powers and Germany ended World War I and paved the way to World War II.
25.Wealthy landowners of Rome
26.Trade route that connected China and Europe from the time of the Romans empire onwards. China exported silk, porcelain, and tea. (two words)
29.This radical Marxist political party founded by Vladimir Lenin in 1903 seized power after leading the 1917 “October” Revolution in Russia.
30.A rebirth of European culture that began in the Italian city-states, with a spirit of inquiry (questioning spirit), a rediscovery of classical learning, and improvements in painting and architecture. Embraced humanism.
31.Movement begun by Martin Luther posting his 95 Theses to the church door.
34.invented a printing press with movable type in 1450 in Mainz, Germany (last name only).
36.(circa 8000 B.C.) The change that occurred when people learned how to plant and grow crops, and herd animals. (two words)
37.The Jews spreading from Israel to the Middle East and Europe after being driven out of Israel by the Romans is an example of this Greek word meaning "dispersal."
38.The Declaration of the Rights of ___________ was issued by the National Assembly during the French Revolution. It stated that government rests on the consent of the people, and people have certain protected rights.
40.Exchange of products and ideas between Native Americans and Europe that developed out of the “encounter” by Columbus. (two words)
41.The landing of Allied troops on this French beach represented the largest amphibious assault in history - and the Allied attempt to retake France from the Nazis. It was an important turning point in the war because it placed Allied troops on the European continent.
42.This emperor collected all existing Roman laws and organized them into a single code. His code remains the basis of civil law for much of Europe.
43.Christians in the Ottoman Empire, who faced genocide during World War I.
44.The Japanese bombing of ____________________ brought the U.S. into World War II. (two words)
Down
2.This complex pre-Columbian civilization in Central Mexico had a highly complex social organization, a yearly calendar, and practiced human sacrifices.
3.The Act of _____________ established the Anglican Church by declaring the English monarch to be the head of the Church of England.
5.This city was later named Constantinople and later still, Istanbul.
8.War aims announced by President Wilson, which included creating new nation-states in Eastern Europe (based on national identity) and a League of Nations. (two words)
10.Wars started over the British import of ______________ into China. Wanting to put a stop to this trade, the Chinese government arrested traders of this commodity and order foreign firms to turn over their inventory. War ensued.
11.An effort to murder an entire people or nationality.
12.A nomadic group of Turkish people from Central Asia who emerged as the rulers of the Islamic world in the 13th century. They conquered Constantinople in 1453 and renamed it Istanbul.
15.The transition from the local economies of the Middle Ages to an economy based on overseas trade, the extension of banking and credit, and mercantilist policies. (two words)
17.This revolution began in England and changed the way goods were made, moving production from homes to factories and from hand to machine.
18."Peace, Land, Bread" was the revolutionary motto of this country
19.Terrorist organization formed by Osama bin Laden (omit the hyphen)
21.The Cuban Missile Crisis was a brink-of-war confrontation during this tense period of time (1945-1990), a time when nuclear war was a constant threat between the two “Superpowers” and their competing economic and political systems. (two words)
22.Nationalism, imperialism, militarism, and alliance system created an environment that contributed to the outbreak of war, but it was the ________________ of Archduke Franz Ferdinand that sparked WW I.
24.This 1980's war was actually a period of state terrorism in Argentina where thousands of left-wing activists and militants, including trade unionists, students, journalists, Marxists, Peronist guerrillas, and alleged sympathizers disappeared.
27.French term referring to the wealthy middle class of artisans, craftsmen, and merchants. Karl Marx uses the term to refer to the capitalist /industrialists who take advantage of the proletariat or worker class.
28.France’s first unified code of laws which forbade privileges based on birth, allowed freedom of religion, and specified that government jobs go to the most qualified. (two words)
29.Carried on ships (circa 1350) from Asia to Europe. Killed millions of people and helped to end serfdom in Europe. (two words)
32.In 1215, King John of England signed this document that guaranteed free men the right to a trial by jury and also agreed that consent by a council of nobles would be needed for any new taxes. (two words)
33.These holy wars are often referred to as "the world's most successful failure."
35.The world's first atomic bomb was dropped by the U.S. on this Japanese city.
39.In 1588, Queen Elizabeth's defeat of the Spanish ____________________ established England as a major naval force.

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