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Mountain of Motor Development

Camille Baroni and Daniel Chang

Lab 4 - To examine the mountain of motor development as a metaphor for human motor development throughout the lifespan. Additionally, to understand that the mountain is a theoretical lens that will be used to examine motor development throughout the remainder of the course. The answers to the words in the crossword puzzle can be found by watching the online lecture videos and reading the assigned readings.

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3.Metaphors that focus on the descriptions of motor behaviors that are observed
7.Motor Development is also considered to be this. Individual differences become greater as devleopment progresses. Previous experiences never disappear, but form the basis of the individual's motor repertoire. This is because motor development is...
12.The individual initially has control of the object and projects it into the environment (ex: throwing) Development of these kinds of skills, involves changes in force production as well as learning efficient whole-body coordination for appropriately applying force to the projected object.
13.Universal behaviors we inherited from our previous species
17.Metaphors that focus on the explanations of change
19.One of the two forms of object interception. A good example is catching, the goal is to control the object, taking it from its movement path.
20.The changes in motor behavior over the lifespan and the processes which underlie these changes
22."The mountain stream metaphor depicts behavioral development as an...."
24.This gives us a way of visualizing or representing concepts that are often difficult to grasp. They can be symbolic.
25.This kind of application focuses on the metaphor that influence its quality and suitability with respect to the phenomena that the scientist wants to represent
26.Before a child is conceived, his or her parents have been traveling their own individual journeys up the mountain. Changing constraints drive development and lifelong motor development results from the interaction among many sources of constraint, some of which are interacting even before conception. This is referred to as...
27.Metaphors that focus on both product and process
29.One of the two kinds of reflexive movements. This type of reflex involves responses to changes in orientation relative to the environment
30.This period can either be (1) injury induced: there was a change in organism constraints associated with an injury and (2) aging associated: the typical changes in organism constraints that are associated with the process of aging.
31.One of the two kinds of reflexive movements. This type of reflex subserves basic functions necessary for survival, such as feeding (rooting and sucking) and protection from potentially harmful stimuli (moro and tongue protrusion).
32.The age for this period is 1 years old to 7 years old. This is when they have learned how to walk independently and learned how to self feed. Movements in this period are essential for the rest of their life and are the building blocks that they will use to make complex skills later. Some examples are coordination movements, running, skipping, hopping, galloping, essentially lots of different loco motor skills. The goal for this period is to build a diverse motor repertoire.
Down
1.Patterns that which involve the use of the small muscles of the hands for a variety for behaviors ranging from communication to tool use.
2.The motor repertoire is ______________ interacting with the environment
4.Age of onset: third gestational month to about two weeks into birth
5.One of the two forms of object interception. This requires interception,but rather than capturing the object - it is sent away. Striking and Kicking are good examples.
6.Previous accomplishments are foundations on which later accomplishments are built. It goes in a specific order, and you have to go through each period one by one; one period leads to the next. You cannot skip over any periods because Motor Development is...
8.The definition is "to make up for" or "to counterbalance"
9.This level explores the issue of nature-nurture relations
10.Skills that we have to train and practice in order to learn
11.Relatively stereotyped motor responses to specific stimuli
14.The motor patterns developed during the Fundamental Patterns Period will provide the bases for later ______________ ______________
15.Behaviors in which the object is moving within the environment and the individual wishes to intercept it. There are two forms of this.
16.The age for this period is 2 weeks to 1 years old. Movements are voluntary now. Infants are crawling, grabbing at things, learning to work within the constraints within their own body and their environmental constraints. The goal for this period is to become independent. By this end of this period, babies will have learned how to walk and feed themselves. This period is phylogenetic.
18.The age for this period is 7 years old to 11 years old. During this time period individuals start catching on to their family and what their peers are doing. They might learn how to play certain sports. During this time period, what an individual learns depends on the environment you are brought up in. In this time period you take what you learned in the Fundamental Motor Patterns period and make it more complex. For example, in a soccer game it is not enough to just run, you have to learn how to run and kick and incorporate different movements to make more complex movements. The goal for this period is to learn how to adaptively apply the fundamental motor patterns an individual has learned to a variety of constraints and situations.
21.Movements such as kicking, mouthing, or arm flailing, that do not appear to be elicited by a particular stimulus or environmental context
23.The age for this time period is 11 years and older. There are three characteristics you look for in order for during this time period: (1) efficiency, (2) consistency, and (3) adaptability
28.When one object or idea stands for another indicating a similarity or analogy between the two. Often the first approximation of a representation and is therefore less formal and more speculative.

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