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chapter 2 vocab Medical Transcription II


General Surgery Terminology

excavation an instrument for direct inspection of the interior of the common bile duct by artifical light
cholangitis a slender, flexible, hollow or solid, cylindrical instrument for introduction into the urethra or other tubular organ, usually for the purpose of calibrating or dilating constricted areas
extraperitoneal the surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body; also used to refer to the opening, or stoma, so created
duodenum the procedure of removing the walls of an antrum
biliary the sheet of connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone or other tissues
borborygmus a rumbling noise caused by the propulsion of gas through the intestines
esophagojejunostomy surgical removal of the lining of an artery
choledochoscope situated or occurring outside the peritoneal cavity
devascularize assisting or aiding; a substance that aids another, such as an auxiliary remedy
decortication surgical removal of the gallbladder
cachectic the first or proximal portion of the small intestine, extending from the pylorus to the jejunum
esophagogastroduodenostomy anastomosis between the stomach and small intestine in gastroenterostomy
arteriovenous the removal of a previously inserted tube
cul-de-sac inflammation of bile duct
diverticulum a unit of lengh based on the breadth of one finger
adjuvant the removal of an organ, a tumor, or another body in such a way that it comes out clean and whole, like a nut from its shell
erthematous the surgical creation of an opening into the stomach
colostomy a slough produced by a thermal burn, by a corrosive application, or by gangrene
cholecystectomy removal of portions of the cortical substance of a structure or organ, as of the brain, kidney, lung, etc.
costophrenic surgical creation of an artifical passage between the stomach and intestines
fistulectomy a ridge-like structure
enterocolectomy resection of the intestines, including the ileum, cecum, and ascending colon
carina incision into the common bile duct for exploration or removal of a calculus
cystostomy pertaining to the ribs and diaphragm
endothelium a benign epithelial tumor in which the cells form recognizable glandular structures or in which the cells are clearly derived from glandular epithelium
bougie toward the head
adenoma a scar; the new tissue formed in the healing of a wound
exacerbation a duct; a general term for a passage with well-defined walls, especially such a channel for the passage of excretions or secretions
aponeurosis the presence or formation of gallstones
esophagogastroduodenoscopy the occurrence of calculi in the common bile duct
ecchymosis the act of hollowing out; a hollowed-out space or pouch-like cavity
empyema a splitting open
dehiscence a blind pouch or cecum
cicatrix accumulation of pus in a cavity of the body
fimbriated sugical anastomosis between the esophagus and the jejunum
cryosurgery pertaining to or characterized by asthenia, which is the lack or loss of strength and energy; weakness
gastroenteroanastomosis the condition of widespread dissemination of cancer through the body; also called carcinosis
extravasation characterized by erythemia
ductus a discharge or escape, as of blood, from a vessel into the tissues
eschar suffering from cachexia-a general lack of nutrition and wasting occurring over the course of a chronic disease or emotional disturbance
epiplocele fringed
enucleation excision of a fistulous tract
esophagogastrectomy a communication between two vessels by collateral channels; an opening created by surgical, traumatic, or pathological means between two normally distinct spaces or organs
fingerbreadth the elongated, cord-like structure along the posterior border of the testis; spermatozoa are stored in the ducts
carcinomatosis endoscopic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum
dermatome an instrument for cutting thin skin slices for skin grafts
canalization a small hemmorrhagic spot in the skin or mucous membrane forming a nonelevated, rounded or irregular, blue or purplish patch
extubation a circumscribed pouch or sac of variable size occurring normally or created by herniation of the lining mucous membrane through a defect in the muscular coat of a tubular organ
epididymis the formation of canals, natural or morbid
asthenic the formation of an opening into the bladder
gastroenterostomy surgical creation of an anastomosis between the stomach and small intestine in gastroenterostomy
anastomosis to interrupt the circulation of blood to a part causing obstruction or destruction of the blood vessels supplying it
endarterectomy both arterial and venous; pertaining to or affecting an artery and a vein
cephalad margin a hernia that contains omentum
areola aggravation of symptoms or increase in the severity of a disease
cholelithiasis of or relating to bile, the bile ducts, or the gallbladder
choledochotomy excision of the esophagus and stomach, usually the distal portion of the esophagus and the entire stomach
choledocholithiasis the layer of epithelial cells that lines the cavities of the heart, the blood and lymph vessels, and the serous cavities of the body, originating from the mesoderm
antrectomy destruction of tissue by the application of extreme cold; utilized in some forms of intracranial and cutaneous surgery
gastroduodenostomy a circular area in tissue, usually of a color differing from that around it

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