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Nucleic Acids

Dylan DePriest

A crossword puzzle for terms related to Nucleic Acid

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1.One of three components of a nucleotide, a five-ringed carbon sugar, either ribose or deoxyribose in form.
3.Refers to the structural organization of the DNA double-helix in which the pyrimidine and purine basic groups face the interior while the phosphate groups line the exterior of the helix.
5.In a helix, refers to the vertical distance traveled in one full turn
6.In a helix, refers to the smaller of the unequal grooves that are formed as a result of the double-helical structure of DNA.
7.The sugar group of RNA, a five-membered sugar ring containing one oxygen and four carbons with one additional carbon attached to the 4' carbon in the ring and hydroxyl groups attached to the 1', 2', 3', and 5' carbons
9.In a helix, the vertical distance traveled when moving from one base pair to the adjacent base pair.
10.In DNA, refers to the nitrogen-carbon linkage between the 9' nitrogen of purine bases or 1' nitrogen of pyrimidine bases and the 1' carbon of the sugar group.
17.In DNA and RNA, the local folding patterns of a polynucleotide based on complementary base-pairing
18.Weak, noncovalent linkages between a donor and an acceptor which, when lined up next to each other, have favorable electrostatic interactions. Provide small amount of stability to DNA and RNA helices. Provide specificity of the interactions between polynucleotide strands.
19.In DNA, refers to the oxygen-carbon linkage between the triphosphate group and the 5' carbon of the ribose sugar group in a single DNA or RNA nucleotide.
20.A chain of nucleotides joined together by phosphodiester bonds. Both DNA and RNA are this.
2.In a polynucleotide, refers to the bond between the 3' hydroxyl of a sugar group in a nucleotide and a phosphate group attached to the 5' carbon of another sugar group.
3.In DNA and RNA, refers to the linear sequence of base pairs or amino acids in a polynucleotide chain.
4.In DNA and RNA, the complex three-dimensional form of a polynucleotide.
8.One of three components of a nucleotide, comprised of a central phosphorous surrounded by four oxygens.
11.Term used to refer to the natural pairing of the nitrogen bases within DNA and RNA. In DNA, cytosine pairs with guanine and adenine with thymine. In RNA, the thymine is replaced with uracil, which pairs with adenine.
12.A common structural motif of DNA. Two linear strands of single-stranded DNA fold into a helical shape stabilized internally by hydrogen bonds between complementary base pairs.
13.A five-membered sugar ring that lacks a hydroxyl group at one position, and is the sugar group for DNA.
14.One of three components of a nucleotide, nitrogen bases come in two general types: purines and pyrimidines.
15.A five-membered sugar group with a purine or pyrimidine nitrogen base group attached to its 1' carbon via a glycosidic bond and one or more phosphate groups attached to its 5' carbon via an ester bond.
16.In a helix, refers to the larger of the unequal grooves that are formed as a result of the double-helical structure of DNA.

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