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Basic Legal Concepts


Match the term to the corresponding meaning

1Summary Offence _____The standard of proof required in a civil case in order for a plaintiff to succeed in providing the case against the defendant
2Indictable Offence _____A serious offence heard before a judge and generally a jury
3Inquisitorial system _____An offence between individuals eg. breach of contract
4Terra nullius _____Application of laws on an equal basis
5Criminal matter _____Law made by parliament
6Civil matter _____The are of law that deals with offences committed between individuals. eg contract law
7Common law _____the responsibility of a party to prove a case in court
8Adversarial _____An offence against the state eg. robbery or assult
9Beyond reasonable doubt _____The area of law that deals with offences by the individual against the state eg. criminal law
10Balance of probabilities _____Where two sides of the dispute are opponents.
11Burden of proof _____A minor offence heard in the local courts before a magistrate
12Standard of proof _____The standard of proof required in a criminal case in order for a prosecution (the state) to obtain a conviction against the accused
13Statute law _____the level of proof required in order for the party that has the burden of proof to succeed
14Statutory law _____Where judges have to apply the law similarly in similar cases
15Public law _____The system of law used in civil law courst where the judge plays an active role in the proceedings, often questioning witnesses
16Private law _____Rules and regulations made by law-making bodies with delegated authority
17Presumption of innocence _____Achieving similar outcomes or not depriving individuals of equal opportunities
18Actus reus _____Accused in innocent until proven guilty
19Fairness _____Criminal act
20Equality _____A system of law applied equally to all and tested (& developed) in the common law courts
21Doctrine of precedent _____The state in which land is devoid of ownership and belongs to no-one

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