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Chapter 11

September Baurshard

1Human Pathogens - Bartonella - B. Henselae _____Found in coastal brackish water, causes cholera, causes PROFUSE watery diarrhea called RICE WATER diarrhea, caused by an enterotoxin that the organism produces. Source is food or water contaminated with feces infected with cholera
2Human Pathogens - Brucella _____Produces red pigment, common cause of nosocomial infections
3Human Pathogens - Ehrlichia _____Plant pathogen, causes crown gall, inserts a plasmid into plant cells, inducing a tumor
4INTRACELLULAR Pathogens - Rickettsia -  _____Q fever transmitted via aerosols or milk, urging, feces, from infected animals. OBLIGATE INTRACELLULAR parasite
5INTRACELLULAR pathogens - Rickettsia - R. Rickettsii _____Opportunistic pathogen, polar flagella, associated with green puss filled, foul smelling wounds and biofilms
6INTRACELLULAR Pathogens - Ehrlichia _____Rocky Mountain spotted fever, transmitted by insect and tick bites
7Bacteria that can affect ALL TYPES OF ORGANISMS - Wolbachia  _____Endospore producing Gram positive
8Rhizobium and Bradyrhizobium _____Causes meningitis, earaches, epiglottitis, pneumonia
9Agrobacterium _____Tetanus - tightening of the muscles
10Human Pathogens - Burkholderia - B. Cepacia _____Swarming motility, colonies form concentric RINGS
11Human Pathogens - Burkholderia - B. Pseudomallei _____Severe diarrhea
12Human Pathogens - Bordetella -  _____Found in streams, warm water pipes, cooling towers
13Human Pathogens Bordetella - B. Pertussis  _____Causes pneumonia
14Most often INTRACELLULAR but NOT OBLIGATELY - Neisseria- N. Gonorrhoeae _____Worries one pulmonary infection with cystic fibrosis
15Most often INTRACELLULAR but NOT OBLIGATELY - Neisseria - N. Meningitidis _____Cause of gonorrhoea
16Pseudomonas-Pseudomonas aeruginosa _____Causes a wide range of symptoms from localized to pulmonary to systemic
17Moraxella _____Causes pneumonia, most commonly in men over 50 years old
18Legionellales- Legionella _____Causes tularemia - rabbit fever, flu like symptoms, pneumonia, skin ulceration a and sloughing
19Letionellales - Legionella - L. Pneumophilia _____Zoonosis, OBLIGATE PARASITE of mammals, survives phagocytosis, causes brucellosis (fever, fatigue, pain)
20Coaxiella _____Small gram negative non motile rods, coccobacillus
21Vibrionales _____Cause of meningococcal meningitis. Gram negative, INTRACELLULAR diploccci
22Vibrionales - Vibrio cholerae _____Infect surgical wounds and the urinnary tract. Fecal contamination and the GI tract
23Vibrionales - Vibrio parahaemolyticuls  _____Endospore gram positive causes anthrax
24Vibrionales - vulnificus _____Lives in the soil, endospore producing, OBLIGATE anaerobes
25Pasteurellales - Pasteurella _____Found in coastal brackish water
26Pasteurellales - P. Multocida _____Causes gastroenteritis, raw shellfish, oysters, explosive diarrhea lasting several days within 24 hours of ingestion.
27Francisella - F. Tularensis  _____Found in intestinal tract, hospital contaminants
28Haemophilus _____Hemolytic Uremic disease, severe kidney failure
29Haemophilus - H influenzae -  _____Tick borne, INTRACELLULAR
30Enterobacteriales - (enterics) _____Gram positive, grape like clusters, causes wound infections, is often antibiotic resistant and produces an enterotoxin which is its exotoxin
31Enterobacteriales - Escherichia - E.coli _____One polar flagellum, gastroenteritis
32Enterobact3eriales - E.coli 0157:H7 _____Transmitted by ticks, INTRACELLULAR
33Enterobacteriales - Salmonella - Salmonella eneteriditis -  _____Causes typhoid fever
34Enterobacteriales - Salmonella typhoid _____Causes pneumonia and septicemia
35Enterobacteriales - Proteus  _____Live in insects and other animals ,fruit fly embryo
36Enterobacteriales - Yersinia - Y pestis _____Often pleomorphic, branching filaments, often inhabitants of soil, outer most layer is waxy and water resistant, acid fast staining, slow growing, causes TB and leprosy (AKA Hanson's disease)
37Enterobacteriales - Shigella _____Multiple flagella, peptic ulcers, stomach cancer
38Enterobacteriales - Klebsiella - k pneumoniae _____Transmitted to humans commonly via animal bites, causes pneumonia and septicemia
39Enterobacteriales - Serratia _____Botulism, flaccid paralysis infant can't kill organism in stomach, found in foods that have been canned at home, because the boiling process doesn't kill endospore said, in wounds
40Campylobacter _____2400 serovars, common form of foodborne illness
41Helicobacter pylori _____Causes plague, transmitted via fleas
42Clostridiales - Clostridium _____Include S pneumoniae and S mutans which cause dental caries, are gram positive d
43Clostridiales - C botulinum  _____Causes bacillary (bloody/mucoid) diarrhea , dysentery
44Clostridiales - C tetani _____Indicator of fecal contamination, causes food born disease and UTI'S
45Clostridiales - C. difficile  _____Conjuctivitis
46Clostridiales - C perfringes _____Gangrene
47Bacillales - Bacillus _____Contaminates refrigerator food, most detrimental to growing fetus causing stillbirths and neuro defects
48Bacillales - B anthracis _____Spherical in chains, produce enzymes that destroy tissues, gram positive
49Staphylococcus aureus _____Inhabit the intestinal tract, ferment carbs, facultative anaerobes ,peritrichous flagella
50Streptococcus _____OBLIGATE INTRACELLULAR parasites, cause spotted fevers
51Beta hemolytic streptococci  _____Curved gram negative Causes gastroenteritis, liver damage, blood infections, skin eating infections, raw oysters in warm waters, cuts or wounds in infected seawater
52Non beta hemolytic streptococci _____Small gram negative non motile Rods, coccobacillus, causes whooping cough, toxin, exotoxin that targets cillia in respiratory tract causing paralysis
53Alpha hemolytic _____Cat scratch disease
54Enterococcus _____Hemolysis blood agar, includes S pyogenes, strep throat and wound infections
55Enterococcus - E faecalis and E faecium _____Require X (heme) and V (NAD,NADP) factors, gown on chocolate agar, tiny gram negative rod, Hib vaccine,
56Listeria - L monocytogenes _____S pneumoniae diploccci
57Mycoplasmatales - Mycoplasma pneumoniae  _____Fix nitrogen in the roots of leguminous plants, known by the common name of rhizobia
58Mycobacterium - M tuberculosis, M leprae _____Wall-less pleomorphic, .1-.24 um, mild form of pneumonia, atypical walking pneumonia

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