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Unit 1: Topic 2: Personal finance and the economy

Teacher: Mrs Rennie Student: ...................

LIBF Unit 1 Topic 2 Personal finance and the economy

1Austerity _____a certificate that shows you have bought the debt from a company or the government, in return for which the company or government pays a fixed amount of money in interest each year.
2Benefits _____the money that you make from your job. Economy - the state of a country relating to the amount of money that is in the system and the production and consumption of goods and services.
3Bonds _____pay part of a bill or pay some money towards a big expense - for example, if your housing is subsidised, you will get money towards paying your rent.
4Budget _____the decisions a government makes about taxes and what to spend public money on.
5Charity _____a large loan to buy a house or property.
6Consumer _____the money that is left over from your income after government tax and charges have been deducted (take-home pay).
7Debt _____money owed to another person or organisation such as a bank.
8Deficit _____a government policy that allows the Bank of England to put more money into the economy by creating more electronically and then buying government bonds (see ‘Bonds’ and ‘Gilts’).
9Disposable income _____(1) an organisation set up to help a particular group or issue; (2) the act of donating money or time to a cause.
10Earnings _____the money that is left over from your income after you have paid all of your expenses and have put any savings aside.
11Expenses _____a period of economic downturn which means less money moving around the economy; people spend less, wages decrease, unemployment increases, company profits decrease, and so on.
12Fiscal policy _____more income than expenditure; more money coming in than being paid out.
13Gilts _____all the money (or items worth money) that you receive, including through work, investments and government benefits.
14Income tax _____a plan for how you will use your income, including spending and saving.
15Income _____a government measure to reduce the amount of money it spends (usually reduced wages and benefits), resulting in difficult financial conditions for a population.
16Interest rate _____the things that you have to spend your income on.
17Investment _____the money you pay as a charge for the service of using someone else’s money - for example, if you borrow money to buy a car, you pay back the money you borrowed plus interest; or the bank pays you interest on money saved as it has access to your money.
18Mortgage _____something that you buy because it is likely to make you money in the future - for example, property may increase in value so that you can sell it for more than you bought it and make a profit, or you can rent it out.
19Net income _____a high-interest, very secure government bond (see ‘Bonds’).
20Public spending _____money and other financial support (such as reduced bus and train fares or provision of housing) that the government provides for people who are unable to get any other income.
21Quantitative easing _____money deducted from your income by the government to pay for public services such as health and education.
22Recession _____the income of an organisation or government.
23Revenue _____more expenditure than income; more money paid out than coming in.
24Subsidise _____how the government spends the money it makes (through taxes, for example).
25Surplus _____someone who uses or buys goods and services.

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