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Gastrointestinal and Accessory Organ Problems

Match the problem/disease with the correct definition.

1Gingivitis _____A fungus that causes sores in the mouth, also known as thrush or candidiasis
2Stomatitis _____When fatty liver disease is caused by consumption of alcohol
3Glossitis _____Fat accumulation plus inflammation in the liver, there are two primary types; alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)
4Cheilosis _____Inflammation of the oral mucous lining of the mouth
5Candida Albicans _____Chronic state of liver disease in which the liver is damaged beyond repair with scar tissue and fatty infiltration
6Canker sores _____A multi system disorder that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait
7Xerostomia _____Multi factorial disease that is characterized by the formation of many small pouches or diverticula along the mucosal lining in the colon
8Dysphagia _____Fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity
9Esophagitis _____Inflammation of the gums that involves the mucous membrane and its supporting fibrous tissue that circles the base of the teeth
10Barrett's esophagus _____Accumulation of fat in the liver, also called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
11Achalasia _____Mucosal ulcers caused by a bacteria called Streptococcus
12Gastoesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) _____The pathologic dilation of the blood vessels within the wall of the esophagus as a result of liver cirrhosis; these vessels can continue to expand to the point of rupturing
13Hiatal Hernia _____High blood pressure in the portal vein
14Peptic Ulcer _____Complication of severe gastoesophageal reflux disease in which the squamous cell epithelium of the esophagus changes to resemble the tissue lining the small intestine
15Cystic Fibrosis _____A functional bowel disorder in which abdominal pain or discomfort is associated with defecation or a change in bowel habit
16Vasculitis _____Inflammation of the esophagus
17Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) _____A dry, scaling process at the corners of the mouth that affects the lips and the corner angles
18Crohn's disease _____Occurs when a portion of the upper stomach protrudes through the opening in the diaphragm called the hiatus
19Ulcerative Colitis (UC) _____A disorder of the esophagus in which the muscles of the tube fail to relax, thereby inhibiting normal swallowing
20Diverticulitis _____Condition in which toxins in the blood lead to alteration in brain homeostasis as a result of liver disease
21Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) _____An eroded mucosal lesion in the central portion of the GI tract;can occur in the lower esophagus, the stomach, or the first portion of the duodenum
22Anaphylactic Shock _____Gallstone formation attributed to impaired metabolism of cholesterol, bile acid, phospholipids, and bilirubin
23Celiac Disease (CD) _____Regurgitation of acidic gastric contents into the lower part of the esophagus, also known as acid reflux
24Steatosis _____Inflammation of the gallbladder
25Fatty Liver Disease _____An inflammatory condition that is caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, or toxins such as alcohol
26Alcoholic Liver Disease (ALD) _____Inflammation of the pancreas, inhibiting normal exocrine function, including the secretion of digestive enzymes
27Steathohepatitis _____Inflammation of the tongue
28Hepatitis _____Inflammatory disease that is limited to the colon; symptom include urgent diarrhea with blood and mucus, abdominal pain, weight loss, fever, and rectal pain
29Cirrhosis _____Chronic dry mouth; causes swallowing and speaking difficulties, taste interference, and tooth decay
30Portal Hypertention _____Inflammation of the walls of blood vessels
31Hepatic Encephalopathy _____Accumulation of fat in the liver cells
32Esophageal Varices _____A severe and sometimes fatal allergic reaction that results from exposure to a protein that the body perceives as foreign and that elicits a systemic response that involves multiple organs
33Ascites _____Autoimmune response to a specific sequence of amino acids found in wheat, barley, and rye proteins
34Cholecystitis _____Difficulty swallowing
35Cholelithiasis _____Chronic inflammation of the GI tract and the persistent activation of the mucosal immune system against the normal healthy gut flora
36Pancreatitis _____A form of IBD that affects any portion of the GI tract from the esophagus to the anus, most commonly localized to the ileum and the colon

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