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Alexandra Jurkowski

accent line/group that is repeated throughout a poem, usually after each stanza
alexandrine five metrical feet
anapest medieval Italian lyric poem, with five or six stanzas and a shorter concluding stanza.
antithesis a line of poetry that has 12 syllables.
apostrophe figure of speech in which one word is substituted for another with which it is closely associated.
ballade type of poetry consisting of 10- or 11- syllable lines arranged in 8-line octaves with the rhyme scheme abababcc
blank verse rhyme that occurs in a final unstressed syllable
caesura poetry composed of either rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set meter
canzone a poem that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet
carpe diem a very short, witty poem
classicism two or more syllables that together make up the smallest unit of rhythm in a poem.
conceit figure of speech in which a positive is stated by negating its opposite.
couplet a metrical foot of three syllables, two short followed by one long. se-ven-teen
dactyl poem that laments the death of a person
elegy  a rhyme that occurs in a final stressed syllable cat/hat
enjambment  four metrical feet
epic depicts rural life in a peaceful, idealized way
epigram consisting of stanzas of seven lines in iambic pentameter with rhyme scheme ababbcc
feminine rhyme a type of meter in poetry, there are five iambs to a line.
foot lyric poem that is 14 lines long.
free verse  metrical foot of two syllables, both long.
heptameter principles/ideals of beauty that are characteristic of Greek & Roman art, architecture, and literature
heroic couplet  poetry that is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
hexameter "seize the day"
iambic pentameter pair of line that are the same length and usually rhyme and form a complete thought
litotes prominence or emphasis given to a syllable or word
lyric lyric poem that is serious and thoughtful in tone and has a very precise, formal structure.
masculine rhyme stanza/poem of 4 lines
meter calling out to an imaginary, dead, or absent person
metonymy figure of speech in which a part is used to designate the whole or the whole is used to designate a part.
ode a line of poetry that has seven metrical feet
ottava rima metrical foot of two syllables, one long and one short.
pastoral fanciful poetic image or metaphor that likens one thing to something else that is seemingly very different
pentameter continuation of a complete idea from one line or couplet of a poem to the next line or couplet without a pause
quatrain a line of poetry that has six metrical feet
refrain long, serious poem that tells the story of a heroic figure.
rhyme royal a metrical foot of three syllables, one long followed by two short. happ-i-ly
romanticism a stanza composed of two rhymed lines in iambic pentameter
scansion figure of speech like a metaphor where words are not used in their literal sense but in a figurative sense
sonnet type of poem, usually with three stanzas of seven, eight, or ten lines and a shorter final stanza of four or five lines.
spondee analysis of a poems meter
synecdoche natural pause or break in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line
terza rima principles/ideals of the romantic movement in lit and the arts during the late 18th and early 19th centuries
tetrameter consisting of 10- or 11- syllable lines arranged in three-line "tercets" with the rhyme scheme ada bcb cdc....
trochee arrangement of a line of poetry by the number of syllables and the rhythm of accented syllables
trope a figure of speech in which words and phrases with opposite meanings are balanced against each other.

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