Bell curve | | A test to see if the study is successful or needs moderations. It is often small scale and in the same setting the real research would be completed in |

Causation | | A subject or thing (such as gender, age and class) |

Confounding Variable | | Whether or not a study can be completed by another researcher |

Credibility | | Refers to the consistency of the measures and means that an instrument produces repeatable results |

Data | | It is informed by what has been done |

Dependent Variable | | A researcher's ability to demonstrate that the object of study is accurate |

Face Validity | | Event being studied and expected to change when the Independent Variable is changed |

Histogram | | A statement that no relationship exists between study variables |

Independent Variable | | Influences what should be studied and how research should be carried out. It is often a world-wide view and involves underlying methodologies and theories of a particular subject |

Iterative | | Used to designate the number of subjects in a sample group |

Likert scale | | Average of the deviation from the mean |

Literature Review | | Testing by administrating it in 2 or more occasions to the same respondents |

Mean | | Shows the frequency of information and shows the distribution- and example of one is a Bell curve. |

Median | | The value that occurs most frequently in data |

Methodology | | The action of causing or producing (cause to affect) |

Mode | | Where participants are naturally in, for example, students are naturally in the universities' cafe |

Moderator Variable | | The art or science of teaching and educating (the art of knowing) |

N | | The middle score- 3 5 4 4 5 2 2 = 2 2 3 4 4 5 5- 4 is the median |

n | | The process of studying published works to influence your own field of study |

Naturalistic | | Recorded information in a 'numeric' or 'textual' form |

Null Hypothesis | | The average value or measure of central tendency- obtained by dividing the sum of values by the total number of values. E.G 10 5 6 8 5 7= 36. 36 divided by 6=6 (6 is the mean) |

Objective | | A variable that is intentionally changed to observe its effect on the Dependent Variable |

Paradigm | | Not using whole population which can result in different results than if you did use the whole population |

Pedagogy | | The claims the researcher makes that their pledge/guarantee is correct |

Phenomenon | | The selection of a group of subjects for study from a larger population where each subject is chosen entirely by chance |

Pilot Study | | Refers to the ability of the instruments to measure what it proposes to measure |

Population | | The chance the phenomenon will occur randomly. Also known as the 'P' factor |

Probability | | Multi-method, often small scale, naturalistic, textual presentation |

Qualitative research | | How a measure or procedure appears to the reader/viewer |

Quantitative research | | Numeric data, often large scale, predicted and controlled |

Random sampling | | Designates the total sample size |

Reliability | | The methods used by the researcher, such as Quantitative |

Replicability | | Invented in 1932, is a fixed scale going down in strength, has 5-7 choices and often has a neutral point |

Response rate | | Group of people or organisations that is of interest in the study |

Sampling error | | The tendency for respondents to answer questions depending on what is favourable of their peers (desirably good or bad) |

Social Desirability Bias | | May affect the Dependent Variable when took into account |

Standard Deviation | | Influenced by personal feelings, interpretations or prejudice |

Subjective | | Is usually a qualitative such as gender, but it can be such things as boredom proneness. It has to moderate (make a link) between two variables |

Test-retest reliability | | The rate of participants in the study (E.G 95%) |

Validity | | Shows the 'mean', 'normal distribution' and 'standard deviation |

Warrant | | Not influenced by personal feelings, interpretations or prejudice |