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Short Story and Literary Terms

Miss Rider

Test your skills! How many of the terms we have used in class can you remember?

repetition the time and place in which the story takes place
style a person to whom secrets are confided or with whome private matters and problems are discussed
oxymoron an outcome that turns out to be very different from what is expected
point of view Opposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction
abstract something that has the appearance of being true or real.
personification the people in the story
characters What a pity that youth must be wasted on the young. George Bernard Shaw (literary device)
satire I must be cruel only to be kind. Shakespeare, Hamlet (literary device)
confidante to present an indication or a suggestion of beforehand
resolution Apostrophe: when animals, inanimate objects, or ____ ideas are addressed directly.
understatement implied comparison achieved through a figurative use of words; the word is used not in its literal sense, but in one analogous to it.
hyperbole an event or scene taking place before the present time is inserted into the chronological structure of a text
simile attribution of personality to an impersonal thing
denouement expression of something which is contrary to the intended meaning; the words say one thing but mean another
synecdoche an explicit comparison between two things using 'like' or 'as'.
foil Justice hung her head (literary device)
metonymy the entire sequence of events that occur in the story.
symbol the overall message of the story
euphemism saying less than is true.
apostrophe When I am dead, I hope it may be said his sins were scarlet, but his books were read. (literary device)
allusion the way the author writes
euphemism Substitution of one word for another which it suggests.
crisis universal inclusiveness in scope or range; unbounded versatility.
personification Veni, vidi, vici. - Julius Caesar (literary device)
antithesis a person or thing that makes another seem better by contrast
pun a dominant mood or emotional tone
paradox something used for or regarded as representing something else
setting The glory that was Greece, the grandeur that was Rome. (literary device)
synecdoche exaggeration for emphasis or for rhetorical effect
antithesis Alliteration is the _______________ of the same sound begeinning several words in a sequence.
irony reference to something else, usually some other literature.
alliteration the final resolution of the intricacies of a plot
theme the author's view of the characters and events.
verisimilitude a dramatic emotional or circumstantial upheaval in a character's existence
universality Losing his job meant he could sleep late. (literary device)
atmosphere The U.S. won three gold medals. (Instead of, The members of the U.S. boxing team won three gold medals.) (literary device)
metaphor apparent paradox achieved by the juxtaposition of words which seem to contradict one another.
simile *Life's but a walking shadow; a poor player, that struts and frets his hour upon the stage. Shakespeare, Macbeth. (literary device)
oxymoron the way in which the story ends
climax an assertion seemingly opposed to common sense, but that may yet have some truth in it.
allusion Roll on, thou deep and dark blue Ocean, roll!
personification England expects every man to do his duty. Lord Nelson (literary device)
plot the use of irony, sarcasm or ridicule in exposing folly
paradox She has passed away (died) (literary device).
understatement a passing or casual reference
diction Brutus: Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more. Shakespeare, Julius Caesar (literary device)
stereotype a simplified and standardized conception or image invested with special meaning and held in common by members of a group: ie: The cowboy and Indian
allusion a _____ is a play on words.
onomatopoeia use of words to imitate natural sounds; accommodation of sound to sense.
flashback Reason is to faith as the eye to the telescope. D. Hume (literary device)
foreshadowing style of speaking or writing as dependent upon choice of words
verbal irony understanding one thing with another; the use of a part for the whole, or the whole for the part. (A form of metonymy.)
situational irony The substitution of an agreeable or at least non-offensive expression for one whose plainer meaning might be harsh or unpleasant.
metonymy a figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant
metaphor the point in the story when the characters try to solve the main problem
pun The pen is mightier than the sword. (literary device)

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