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Archaeology Terms

Analzye the meaning of each word. Try to understand how each applies to archaeology and the study of ancient and historic cultures.

Site The time during the development of human culture before the appearance of the written word.
Lithic A place where human activity occurred and material remains were deposited.
Stratigraphy The study and interpretation of layers in archaeological deposits.
Grid A particular society at a particular time and place; "early Mayan civilization."
Steward Examined carefully and methodically; broken down for consideration of constituent parts.
Context The branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures.
Ceramic An artifact made of hard brittle material produced from nonmetallic minerals by firing at high temperatures.
Prehistoric Pertaining to stone. Archeologists often refer to these as chipped stone tools and chipping debris.
Analysis The position of an archaeological find in time and space, established by measuring and assessing its associations, matrix, and provenience.
Archaeology A mound of domestic refuse containing shells and animal bones marking the site of a prehistoric settlement. Also is known for being a dump for domestic waste.
Midden A pattern of regularly spaced horizontal and vertical lines.
Level A indicator that establishes the horizontal when a bubble is centered in a tube of liquid.
Artifact Any object made or modified by a human culture.
Culture A person who acts to preserve and/or protect archaeological sites or artifacts.

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