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Near East

Mrs. McKinney

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1.Assyrian guardian in the form of a man-headed winged bull.
5.A collection of illustrations of real and imaginary animals.
6.Formed in relief by beating a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression on the face. The metal is hammered into a hollow mold of wood or some other pliable material and finished with a graver. See also relief.
10.A cherubic young boy.
11.An artistic convention in which greater size indicates greater importance.
13.Bricks painted and then kiln fired to fuse the color with the baked clay.
17.The great audience hall in ancient Persian palaces.
18.A picture, usually stylized, that represents an idea; also, writing using such means; also painting on rock. See also hieroglyphic.
20.A vaulted ceiling of semi-circular shape, creating a dome-like appearance.
22.In paintings and reliefs, a painted or carved baseline on which figures appear to stand.
23.Latin, “wedge-shaped.” A system of writing used in ancient Mesopotamia, in which wedge-shaped characters were produced by pressing a stylus into a soft clay tablet, which was then baked or otherwise allowed to harden.
26.An independent, self-governing city.
28.The chamber at the center of an ancient temple; in a classical temple, the room (Greek, naos) in which the cult statue usually stood.
30.The use of perspective to represent in art the apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular plane of sight.
31.A carved stone slab used to mark graves or to commemorate historical events.
1.A rich ultramarine semiprecious stone used for carving and as a source for pigment.
2.A cylindrical piece of stone usually about an inch or so in height, decorated with an incised design, so that a raised pattern was left when the seal was rolled over soft clay. In the ancient Near East, documents, storage jars, and other important possessions were signed, sealed, and identified in this way.
3.An arcade having no actual openings, applied as decoration to a wall surface.
4.The part of the entablature between the architrave and the cornice; also, any sculptured or painted band in a building. See register.
7.Greek, “high city.” In ancient Greece, usually the site of the city’s most important temple(s).
8.A composition that is symmetrical on either side of a central figure.
9.A gift of gratitude to a deity.
12.In ancient Mesopotamian architecture, a monumental platform for a temple.
14.A vitreous coating applied to pottery to seal and decorate the surface; it may be colored, transparent, or opaque, and glossy or matte. In oil painting, a thin, transparent, or semitransparent layer put over a color to alter it slightly.
15.Usually, the front of a building; also, the other sides when they are emphasized architecturally.
16.A decorative row of arches applied to a wall as a decorative element
19.One of a series of superimposed bands or friezes in a pictorial narrative, or the particular levels on which motifs are placed.
21.In a Roman amphitheater, the central area where bloody gladiatorial combats and other boisterous events took place.
24.In Islamic architecture, a vaulted rectangular recess opening onto a courtyard.
25.A needlelike tool used in engraving and incising; also, an ancient writing instrument used to inscribe clay or wax tablets.
27.A whorl of hair, represented as a dot, between the brows; one of the lakshanas of the Buddha.
29.A curved structural member that spans an opening and is generally composed of wedge-shaped blocks (voussoirs) that transmit the downward pressure laterally. See also thrust.

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