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Pharmacology Assignment - Matching

Maria Haralambis

Chapter 33

Acetylcholine (ACH), Gastrin, and Histamine are the major stimulators for the release of  Chyme
The pain associated peptic ulcers sometimes resembles hydrochloric acid (HCl) and proteolytic enzymes
Disorder characterized by heartburn Pepsin
Drugs that reduce the volume and concentration of gastric acid  Opening in a hollow organ, such as a break in the intestinal wall.
Acids work by neutralizing the ______ that is present Digestion
Peptic ulcer patients with _____ will require antibiotic therapy Anti-secretory Drugs
Cells in the stomach responsible for producing acid Dyspepsia
Partially digested food and gastric secretions that move into the duodenum from the stomach by  Ulcer
Indigestion  H. pylori
Enzyme that digests protein in the stomach.  GERD
Mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods into smaller units Heartburn
Gastroesophageal reflux disease Acid
Painful burning feeling behind the sternum that occurs when stomach acid backs up into the esophagus.  Hypermotility
Abnormally low concentrations of phosphate in the circulating blood.  Enterochromaffin-like cells (ECL)
the uptake of nutrients from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.  Hypophosphatemia
Hyperacidity Parietal Cells
Increase in muscle tone or contractions causing faster clearance of substances through the GI tract.  Gastric Juices
Open sore in the mucous membranes or mucosal linings of the body.  Digestion & Absorption
A drug that increases lower esophageal sphincter tone and stimulates motility in the upper  Heartburn
Perforation Absorption
Substance that induces abortion Abortifacient
Cells that synthesize and release histamine.  Abnormally high degree of acidity (for example, pH less than 1) in the stomach.
The organs of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract are concerned primarily with  Prokinetic Drug
The stomach and small intestine (particularly the duodenum) secrete several hormones and enzymes that aid in the  GERD
Specialized cells in the stomach produce  Digestion & Absorption of Nutrients

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