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Coastal Erosion

Soraya Khan

Coastal erosion - processes and features

Caves When the front of the wave is not too steep and the wavelength is long in relation to its height it is a ________ wave
Solution When the water crashes against the rocks the debris in the water is hurled against the cliff the rock wears away the base of cliffs
swash A pointed piece of land jutting out into a sea or lake
Bay The backward movement of the receding water from the shore
Attrition As the particles constantly collide with each other they become smaller, smooth and rounded
Constructive Formed when the roof of the arc collapse leaving a cut-off piece of rock that now stands away from the shore
notch An enlarged notch caused by the continual erosive actions of waves on rocks
Wave-cut platform Any steep rock face adjourning the coast forms
arch Formed when caves develop of either side of a headland and are excavated inward to eventually join
Stump A large, deep mass of sea extending far into the land
Cavitation Breaking water against the rock insert tiny air bubbles into the spaces water withdrawal causes the air to compact and then expand resulting in minutes explosions within the cracks
Stack The widening base of a cliff as it recedes landward
Cliff The forward movement of the wave onto the shore
Cove A wide inlet of sea into the coast
Gulf Formed by prolonged wave attacks on the base of a cliff; it excavates holes by removing the softer rock/areas of weakness
Abrasion A very high steeply sloping piece of land jutting out into the sea
Cape A small indentation formed by waves as the attack a line of weakness at the base of a cliff or headland
Destructive _________ occurs when seawater dissolves the calcium carbonate and other minerals in the rocks leaving open pores
Hydraulic If the front of the wave rears up to form a steep towering profile before it crashes on the beach, the wavelength is short in relation to its height it is called a ________ wave
Longshore Drift Eroded stack that becomes visible only at low tide
Headland The force of the waves repeatedly crashing against the coast, this weakens and eventually breaks the rocks
backwash The wave approach the beach at an angle and moves out at an opposite angle while material is dragged at 90° angles to the shore

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