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Lesson 27-30


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Sustained (Lesson 29) (自分の言語・文化・民族など)を(他のに)融合させる、一致させる “I was born in Japan, but two years ago I came to the United States and I plan to live here for the rest of my life. So I have to __________ to American customs (習慣)and become Americanized.”
Underestimated (Lesson 30) 説得する “百合子told me there was a huge earthquake of magnitude 8.0 in 北海道. I did not believe her. I thought she was lying. So she had to turn on the TV and show me the news about the earthquake in order to ____________ me that there was really a big earthquake in北海道.”
Finite (Lesson 27) =combination、合成 “I made a sandwich for myself. I put mayonnaise, lettuce, ham, cheese, and salami. Now my sandwich is done. My sandwich is a ____________ of mayonnaise, lettuce, ham, cheese, and salami.”
Trap (Lesson 29)(・・・するためにあらかじめやっておかないといけない)必要条件 “Trigonometry is a ___________ for taking algebra. You must take trigonometry before you can take algebra.” “Knowing how to add numbers is a ______________ for learning how to multiply numbers, because multiplication is very similar to addition.”
precious (Lesson 29) あいまいな、漠然とした “The directions for the essay were very ________________ and the students did not know how to write the essay. They had to e-mail the teacher to ask questions.” “When I grow up I want to have a job that helps people. But I do not really know what I want to be: whether I want to be a doctor, a teacher, or a lawyer. I only have a __________ idea of what I want to do in the future.”
Perceive (Lesson 29)無視する、(規則に)背く “When you are driving a car and you see a red STOP sign, you have to stop your car. That is the rule. However, my mother never stops her car at a STOP sign. She is displaying ___________ for the rule by ignoring the rule.” (what does “display” mean again?)
Symbols (Lesson 27) (自分からボランティアしていないのに)自動的に、コントロールできない “Hiccups (しゃっくり) are _____________; they start spontaneously and you cannot stop them readily.” (what does “spontaneously” and “readily” mean?) “When I saw the man point the gun at me, I ___________ screamed.”
precarious (Lesson 29)=to admit,(特にしぶしぶ)認める “After the chess champion lost the chess game to his challenger, he had to __________ that the challenger was a better chess player than he was.”
ingredients (Lesson 27)=mediocre(what does “mediocre” mean again?), medium “McDonald’s foods are tempting but they are not good for you. You can eat it once in a while, but you should not eat every day. So eat McDonald’s foods _____________ly.”
Charisma (Lesson 29) 矛盾している “My father tells me to conserve money (倹約する), but when he sees something that he wants, he will buy it instantly without worrying about how much it costs. He is doing ___________ things---telling his son not to buy but he will buy anything he wants.” (what does “instantly” mean again?)
demonstration (Lesson 28) 娯楽 “東京ディズニーランド is a very famous _______________ park in Japan.” “At 理塾, 前田先生 often tells jokes and he supplies ______________ for the students studying there.”
Convert (Lesson 29)(絡まっているものを)ほどく、(謎を)とく “I put 4 necklaces on my neck. And then the necklaces got tangled (絡まる) and it took me 10 minutes to __________ all the necklaces.” “Somebody stole and ate my lunch. I wanted to know who did it, so I asked all my friends. I was finally able to ___________ the mystery after I found a witness (目撃者) who saw James take my lunch from my locker right before lunchtime.”
Toxic (Lesson 30) 賢い “I always get As and A s on my tests, so it is undeniable that I am a very ____________ person.” (what does “undeniable” mean again?)
superior (Lesson 30) (資格などを)放棄する、(・・・のために)(自分の大事なものを)捨てる、犠牲にする “The man drowned and died. (溺死した。)He __________ his own life to save the life of his son.” (辞書から:彼は息子の命を救おうとして自らの命を落とした。)
Deplete (Lesson 27) 演技、実演、デモ “I did not know how to play the piano, but my friend Suzy did, so I asked Suzy to show me how to play. Suzy sat on the chair and played for me a song by Mozart. Her ___________ of piano-playing was very good and I learned a lot just by looking at her play.”
Requisite (Lesson 27) =reportedly, レポートによると、噂(うわさ)によると “__________, according to 北朝鮮、横田恵さん is dead, but I don’t think we will ever know the truth, because北朝鮮 lies a lot.”
Clever (Lesson 28) =placid “There is no ______________ when you live in Tokyo’s 新宿---there are noisy buses, trains, cars, bright neon lights, and so many people all the time and you can never have a quiet moment.”
amusement (Lesson 29)=to obtain, to get “I got sick. So I went to a pharmacy(薬局)and _________ medicine.”
Debilitating (Lesson 27) 感触がある、(手で)触れる “If you have money, you can get __________ things like clothes, cars, and guitars. But if you have money, you can also get things that are not _________, like comfort and security.”
Undeniably (Lesson 27) 材料 “Some of the ___________ for making カレーライス are carrots, beef, spice (香辛料), and rice.” “To learn Japanese, you need to know カタカナ、ひらがな、and 漢字. All three (カタカナ、ひらがな、and 漢字) are important _____________ for writing, reading, and understanding Japanese.”
caliber (Lesson 28)治療法(になる)、治療薬(になる) “There is no ____________ for AIDS right now. If you get AIDS/HIV, then the doctors cannot give you a medicine to remove AIDS from your body.” “If you are tired, you should go to Japan and go to the 温泉. People say温泉are very _________ and people get much better and healthier after going into it.”
convince (Lesson 29) ボリューム、体積 “When I whisper, the ___________ of my voice is very low.”
sporadic (Lesson 27) シンボル、象徴 “The American flag (星条旗) is one ____________ of the United States of America.” “The 日の丸国旗 is one ____________ of Japan.”
Acknowledge (Lesson 28)人を怒らせる、キレやすくする、(状態を)悪化させる “My mother promised she would buy a delicious cake for me for dinner tonight. But she forgot. It was really ___________ that she forgot to buy it for me because I really wanted to eat it and I was thinking about it all day in school!” “Today it was snowing very hard. I woke up late and I was already late to school. Then the car’s tires went flat (タイヤがパンクした)。The flat tires _____________ my morning and made me REALLY late to school!!”
weak (Lesson 30)・・・よりすごい、・・・よりSuperな “A car is ___________ over a horsewagon (馬車) because a car can travel much faster than a horsewagon.”
measurable (Lesson 28)転換する “The girl ___________ from Christianity(キリスト教)to Buddhism (仏教).” “On my computer, I first wrote ‘すずきりょういち。’ Then I did 変換 on the keyboard and __________ the ひらがな to 漢字, so my sentence was now displayed as ‘鈴木良一。’” (what does “display” mean again?)
odd (Lesson 28)(特に少しずつ・じょじょに)(・・・を)弱くしていく “ぼけ for old people is a ____________ disease. You slowly start to forget things, then you forget almost everything, and then you cannot even remember your own name or names of your children.”
Woo (Lesson 30)口説く(くどく)、言い寄る、求愛する “The man wanted to marry her, so he __________ed her by buying for her a very big and expensive ring.” “I needed a 推薦状 from my 高校の校長 for my 大学入試. So I had to ________ him everyday by saying nice things to him and giving him chocolates for presents so he would think I am a very good、感心できる student.”
Disregard (Lesson 28)有限の(無限の反対) “The oil is ___________. There is a limit. After that limit, there is no more oil. That is why we must conserve oil.” (what did “conserve” mean?)
forfeit (Lesson 27)計れる、測定できる “You can count how many shoes you own. You can count how many eggs you have in the refrigerator right now. But emotions like love and trust are not readily _____________.” (what does “readily” mean?)
Widespread (Lesson 28)有害な “シンナー has a very _________ smell; you should not smell it for a long time or you could faint (目まいがして倒れる).”
Aptly (Lesson 27)維持された、持続する、続ける “The snow fell the last four days(四日間続けざまに). The ___________ snowfall closed schools and blocked roads with all the snow.” “I had four hard tests in one day! I was able to ___________ my energy through all my tests because last night I went to sleep early, and this morning, I woke up early and ate a very good breakfast.”
prominent (Lesson 27) (すごくて)見とれる “The woman wore a beautiful red dress and the little girl kept staring at her. She ___________ at the dress and wished she had one just like it.” (what does “staring” or “to stare” mean?)
moderate (Lesson 28)底をつく “If we do not conserve oil today, then we will ______________ oil in the future. We will have zero oil left in the future.” (what did “conserve” mean?)
Acquire (Lesson 28)=possibly、可能な “Men cannot ___________ give birth to babies.” (男性は子供を産めない。)
Vast (Lesson 29)=貴重な “My girlfriend gave me a hand-knit(自分で編んだ)scarf for my birthday present. I loved her, so her gift was very __________ to me. I still wear it today.”
Condensed (Lesson 30)容赦しない、(容赦がないほど)厳しい、ひどい “I was _________ly sick yesterday. I had 高熱 and my headache was terrible. I felt like my body was burning because it was so hot.” “I did ___________ly bad on my test. I got an F because I only got 1 question correct out of 30 questions!!!”
Security (Lesson 30)広まっている、(うわさなどが)定着している “20 years ago, very few people in the world had AIDS/HIV. Today many people from all nations of the world carry the disease. AIDS/HIV is now a ____________ disease.” “It is a ______________ knowledge that 北朝鮮 abducted(拉致した)横田恵さん from Japan, although北朝鮮 says that is a fallacy.” (What does “fallacy” mean again?)
Witticism (Lesson 28) わな “蚊取り線香 is a _________ to catch mosquitoes (蚊). Mosquitoes smell the線香 and when they get near, their bodies stick to the glue and they cannot escape.”
assortment (Lesson 30) =irregular, ばらばらの、不規則に発生する “I catch the flu (風邪をひく) ________ly. Two years ago I got sick zero times, last year I only got sick once, but this year I have already gotten sick at least four times!”
Curative (Lesson 27)きつく、団結力が強い “My ring is on ____________ around my finger and it won’t come off! (指輪がきつくて抜けない!)” “My family is very __________ and everybody eats together every night and we always celebrate each other’s birthdays.”
assimilate (Lesson 27) 反映、反射 “In the morning I use the mirror to get a ____________ of myself so I can see if I have a 寝癖 or not.” “Children are the ____________ of their parents.”
Volume (Lesson 27) =peculiar, strange (what did “peculiar” mean again?) “前田先生has a ____________ habit. When he sneezes, he covers his ears and not his mouth!”
vague (Lesson 27) 適切な “理塾is __________ titled 「理塾」because the founder and the books there are mostly 理系, and that is why it is “理系の塾”。(“what does “to found” mean again? That is where “founder” comes from.)
Tangible (Lesson 28)=unmistakably “He gets As and A s on all his tests. He is ______________ smart.” “Mount Fuji is _______________ the most famous mountain in Japan.”
Aggravating (Lesson 30) カリスマ、(人をひきつける)ちから “To be the host(司会者)of 紅白歌合戦, the host must have lots of __________ so he/she can entertain the audience(観客)。”
Tranquility (Lesson 30) =to bear (what does “to bear” mean again?) “For 4 months, I did not have a house to live in and I was homeless. I had to ________ sleeping on the cold streets and on rigid park benches because I did not have a bed to sleep in.” (what does “rigid” mean again?)
severe (Lesson 29) =(特に数・量・程度が)多い “Tokyo has a ___________ number of people living there. That is why Tokyo is such a dense city.”(what does “dense” mean?) “The computer can save a __________ amount of data and information.”
contradictory (Lesson 29) =renowned、知名度の高い “CHEMISTRY is a very __________ rock band in Japan. Almost everybody in Japan knows about the band.” “Mozart was a ____________ composer(作曲家).”
endure (Lesson 28) 気づく、理解する、悟る(さとる) “Over the weekend 前田先生 got a haircut. I __________ his new haircut as soon as (入るなり)I walked into 理塾 today.” “I read 「吾輩は猫である」by 夏目漱石. I finally _________ the moral of the story (物語の教訓)after I read the book three times.”
tightly (Lesson 28)警備 “I have to type in my password to check my E-mail. The password is for the ___________ of all my E-mails.” “There are many ___________ guards if you go to a concert to stop you if you try to climb on the stage(舞台).”
unravel (Lesson 30)しゃれ(が上手い) “My sister: “ねえ、今って何時何分何秒?” Me: “そうだね、「おやじ、でんぷん、画鋲」かな。” My sister: “(laughing) Haha, that’s funny. That is a _________ thing to say. That is a good joke.”
Involuntarily (Lesson 29) たくさんの種類の、バラエティー “A bag of Skittles® candies has an _________________ of colored Skittles® candies. Some of the colors are blue, green, yellow, and red.” “Do you remember Beanie Babies? There are many, many types of Beanie Babies. There is an ____________ of Beanie Babies.”
reflection (Lesson 30) 知恵、賢明さ [辞書から: “gain __________ with age” (年をとるにつれて知恵を身につける), Experience is the mother of _____________. ((ことわざ))経験は知恵の母である]
Conceivably (Lesson 29)=con(くっつける)+densed(密度が高い)==(密度をより高くするために)凝縮する(ぎょうしゅく)、(文章を)要約する “My teacher told me, ‘Your paper is too long. Please ___________ your paper and make it short.’”
Wisdom (Lesson 30) (行為などが)悪意のある、不当な “Nazis displayed a ___________ hatred (嫌悪) towards Jews and decided to kill them.” (what did “display” mean again?)
marvel (Lesson 30) 弱い(strongの反対)
wanton (Lesson 29)能力、知能 “If you go to a good university, you will meet teachers who are of highest ___________. They know many things and they are very smart.”
Supposedly (Lesson 30) 危険な “It is very _____________ to drive your car when it is snowing and raining outside. Your car could slip(滑る)and you could crash your car.” “It is very __________ to gamble (ギャンブルする). You could lose all your money in one second if you are unlucky.”
synthesis (Lesson 28)軽んじる、(・・・を)安く[軽く]見積もりすぎる “He ordered the food at the restaurant, but had _____________ the price; he thought it was 4000円 but it was actually 6000円!” (what does “actually” mean again?) “The chess champion ___________ his challenger and played very easy (相手を甘く見て本気を出さなかった). But then the challenger won and the chess champion was very aggravated.” (what does “aggravated” mean?)

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